Qualifying Written Examination Overview

I.    Introduction

           The Qualifying Written Examination (QWE) is the second of a four-part Philippine Board of Pediatric Dentistry (PBPD) certification process and is designed to provide evidence toward validation of the candidate’s advanced training in pediatric dentistry.   The PBPD has defined the content to be tested.  The candidate is expected to have an in-depth knowledge of all topics. The QWE must be successfully completed before the candidate can register for the Case Presentation and then for the Clinical Oral Review Examination sections.

II.   Schedule of the QWE

           The QWE is scheduled every second and third Mondays of February or alternative dates in February at a venue to be announced. 

III. Application for Qualifying Written

           A Candidate will be allowed to sit for the Qualifying Written Examination upon passing the validation of credentials and submitting the requirements set forth by the Examination committee.

           An Candidate for the Qualifying Written Examination must submit the completed application for the Qualifying Written Examination and the examination fee by the 15th of November prior the next scheduled February exam.  The Application form and full cash/check payment (payable to: Philippine Board of Pediatric Dentistry) can be sent to the PBPD Secretariat office or submitted electronically to  philboardofpediatricdentistry@gmail.com together with the proof of bank payment (Metrobank, Account Name: Philippine Board of Pediatric Dentistry C/A 007 234 515701). 

IV. Cancellation and Forfeiture of Fees for the QWE

       Cancellation prior to January 15  = forfeiture of 60% of the examination fee

       Cancellation after January 15 = forfeiture of 40% of the examination fee

       Failure to appear for exam  = forfeiture of the examination fee.

       Examination fees are not transferrable from one year to another.

V.     Description of the Examination

           The Qualifying Written Examination is composed of a total of 700 objective, single-best answer, multiple-choice items.  The Candidate will have four (4) 4-hour sessions to complete the examination conducted over two days.

           The QWE is intended to assess the Candidate’s understanding of the scientific and biological principles that support the practice of pediatric dentistry, as well as current literature relating to pediatric dentistry. The successful Candidate must demonstrate a well-rounded in-depth knowledge of pediatric dentistry. This examination is not intended to duplicate the clinical application of pediatric oral health care that will be tested during the other components of the certification process.

VI.   Examination Areas

           The same degree of emphasis and in-depth level of knowledge are required in the following areas:

A.     Microbiology

1.     Biological etiology of caries

2.     Transmission of cariogenic bacteria

3.     Epidemiology and treatment of periodontal disease

4.     Immunology

5.     Research design

6.     Infection control

B.     Prevention and anticipatory guidance

1.     Risk assessment

2.     Diet & nutrition

3.     Fluorides

4.     Remineralization

5.     Sealants

6.     Mouthguards

7.     Tobacco/substance abuse

C.     Craniofacial growth and developing dentition and occlusion

1.     Anatomy and embryology

2.     Dental development and morphology

3.     Theories of growth

4.     Guidance of developing occlusion

5.     Cephalometrics

6.     Habits

7.     Space management

D.     Restorative dentistry and oral rehabilitation

1.     Dental materials

2.     Oral surgery

3.     Prosthetics

4.     Esthetic dentistry

5.     Operative dentistry

E.     Oral diagnosis/oral pathology/oral medicine

1.     Radiology and radiation hygiene

2.     Dental anomalies

3.     Epidemiology and treatment of oral diseases

4.     Adjunctive diagnostic test

5.     Temperomandibular disorders

F.     Medical emergencies in the dental office

G.     Periodontology

H.     Special health care needs

1.     Common findings and general medical considerations of congenital syndromes/diseases /disorders.

2.     Common findings and general medical considerations of acquired pediatric diseases/conditions.

3.     Oral manifestations of congenital and acquired pediatric medical conditions

4.     Implications of SHCN for delivery of oral health care

I.      Child development/behavior guidance

1.     Physical, psychological, and social development and assessment

2.     Principles of communication

J.      Anxiety and pain control

1.     Non-pharmacological behavior guidance

2.     Sedation and general anesthesia

K.     Pulp therapy/orofacial trauma

1.     Pulp biology and pathology

2.     Indications and rationale for pulp treatment

3.     Orofacial trauma

4.     Soft tissue injuries

5.     Child abuse and neglect

L.      Hospital Dentistry

M.   Emergency Medicine

N.     Biostatistics and clinical epidemiology

O.    Pharmacology

P.     Embryology

Q.    Genetics

R.     Head and neck anatomy

S.     Immunology

T.     Microbiology

U.     Oral pathology and oral medicine

V.     Biomedical ethics

W.   Jurisprudence and Risk Management

VII.  Recommendations for preparation

           The QWE is not based upon a single resource. Candidates should focus their attention on the scientific and biologic basis for pediatric dentistry, not clinical practices. Listed below are the potential resources for study that include textbooks on pediatric dentistry, pediatric medicine, craniofacial growth and development, dental trauma, and pulp therapy.

VIII.Day of the Examination

           Prior to the examination, the candidate shall register at the testing site with the test permit.  The notarized Nondisclosure agreement form and Waiver form will be collected at the registration area. These documents were emailed to the candidate directly upon acceptance of the examination fee.  Candidates with incomplete documents will not be allowed to sit for the examination and will have to reapply to take the examination again.

           No support materials will be allowed at the candidate’s examination station. No communication between candidates will be allowed during the examination. Failure to comply may invalidate the candidate’s examination results and prompt referral to the Board’s Ethics Committee. Candidates will be permitted to progress through each session of the examination at their own pace. Each session must be completed according to the time schedule for that session.

           The examination will be of the objective type, containing only multiple-choice questions.

IX.    Grading

           The examination will be scored on a Pass/Fail basis – one score for the entire examination. Results of the examination will be conveyed to the Board Eligible candidate within 30 days after the test is administered.  Candidates who get a passing grade may go on to take the  Case Presentation section. 

X.     Re-examination Policy

The examination will be scored on a Pass/Fail basis – one score for the entire examination. Results of the examination will be conveyed to the Board Eligible candidate within 30 days after the test is administered. Candidates who get a passing grade may go on to take the Case Presentation Phase. Candidates who fail the Qualifying Written Examination may retake the examination after re-application and submission of all requirements for the Qualifying Written Examination.  Candidates have six (6) years to complete the 3-part Diplomate examination process.